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TBL Phases and places where facilitation occure
TBL facilitation mainly occurs at the end of the Readiness Assurance and when reviewing the answers from Application exercises.
Essentially, to facilitate a TBL lesson, you need to:
- Engage students in an inter-team discussion.
- Elicit students and teams answers.
- Keep students accountable (and engaged).
- Challenging students understandings and assumptions.
Elaborative interrogation is a strategy for enhancing memory retention during the process of learning.
As individual students come up with answers, they have to present, discuss and ultimately justify these with their team mates (during the tRAT and the AEs). Students are then questioning and challenging their own assumptions and understanding.
The main idea is that you "push" the discussion to the students rather than you just providing the "expert" answers. It is always better to let the students come up with the answer by continuing the elaborative interrogation.
- 1.Use the 4S’s to craft engaging questions.
- 2.Watch the clock.
- 3.Strategise the process of facilitation with faculty before class.
- 4.Remember facilitation is NOT delivery of content.
- 5.Avoid giving away answers during facilitation phase.
- 6.Provide time for closure.
- 1.Wait for students to respond to questions.
- 2.Ask neutral and open-ended questions.
- 3.Rephrase or restate for clarity.
- 4.Find the “student expert” in the room.
- 5.Ensure any lingering uncertainties or disagreements are addressed.
- 6.Hold each individual learner accountable.
Here's Dr. Gullo's full paper:
The key element to understand how to best assist with the TBL facilitation is to understand the students' misunderstandings and knowledge gaps.
So even before the students get into groups for the tRAT, you already know where all your students stand.
During the tRAT, the All Teams Summary chart show you exactly how teams are answering each questions, just as they click on them. This gives you a thorough understanding on what concepts aren't clear to each team.