How do I create a tRAT for my TBL lesson?

The best and easiest way to create a TBL lesson in LAMS is to use the TBL Design Wizard.

How does tRAT look like to students?

Check out the tRAT section on the TBL Student Guide.

How do I change the scoring scales for the tRAT?

First, let's briefly explain the scoring in the tRAT.

tRAT questions can use a decreasing scoring scale, meaning that with each attempt, marks are deducted.

For instance, a question with say 5 answer options can have the following scoring scale: "4, 2, 1, 0".

This means that if a team select an option that is correct in the first attempt, then they will get 4 marks for this question and they can move on to the next question.

However, if they did not get the correct answer in their first attempt, on their second attempt, if they get the correct answer, then they will only be given 2 marks for the question.

If they did not get the correct answer in their second try, then the next attempt will grant them 1 mark if they choose the right one.

Any other attempts after their third try, regardless of whether they select the correct answer or not will credit 0 marks.

You can change the scale for the tRAT in the Scratchie authoring

The default marking scale is 4, 2, 1, 0.

Can I have negative scoring scales?


Some teachers I know have a tRAT marking scale as "5, 2, -2, -5". Yes, I'm not kidding! πŸ˜€

What question types can I use for tRAT?

For tRAT -just like for the iRAT, you can use Multiple Choice (single best answers), Very Short Answers and Mark hedging question types.

Can students see their (and their team's) iRAT individual answer selected while they discuss answers in the tRAT?

Yes. If you have turned on confidence levels in for the iRAT, then you allow the students to view in the tRAT all the answers they have picked for their questions and their confidence levels.

πŸ‘©πŸ»β€πŸ”¬ This feature is based on a research project we did to speed up the students discussions in the tRAT questions. Read about this in the Research section.

To do this, take a look at the Authoring instructions and then see the Student's view in the other tab.

Make sure you turn on the option in the tRAT (Scratchie tool):

If you use the TBL Wizard to create your design, this option is selected by default.

Can I display the students iRAT answers in the tRAT anonymously?

Yes. Some students might be a bit apprehensive about showing their name next to a wrong answer.

Just check the option to "Do not display students' names with confidence levels" option and now students can see that headcounts for each answer and the confidence levels for them, but no names are displayed.

Can I use mark hedging question type and still show confidence levels?

Yes, mark hedging and confidence level play along quite well. When both in use, student will be able to see the distribution of marks each student selected in the iRAT

Can students raise challenges/burning question while answering questions in the tRAT?

Yes. But it is optional though -however it is ON by default.

Can questions be shuffled for each group?

Yes, and each the question order for each team will be different

If you require questions to be shuffled in the tRAT, enable the option to do so as follows.

Can I set a time limitation for the tRAT?

Yes, same time limitations that apply to the iRAT, apply also to the tRAT (and Application Exercises as well).

Can I extend the time limitation for tRAT for an individual team?

Yes, same time extensions that apply to the iRAT, apply also to the tRAT -same as for AEs.

Can I change the scoring for each team's answer attempts?

Yes, all marks can be changed at any time by the tutor/teacher.

Please note that all mark changes are logged and can be audited.

Can I use my TBL lesson's learning outcomes for the tRATs, so I can map students' performance to curriculum progress?


All LAMS activities can be mapped to learning outcomes making your curriculum mapping to actual learning activity a breeze!

Mapping curriculum learning outcomes to activities (and questions for that matter) can help you find where a particular learning outcome is covered in your course.

How do I see challenges raised by students?

As the teams are answering the tRAT question, you will be able to see their challenges or burning questions in this table.

Each question, for which a challenge has been raised, it is displayed along with the team that raised it and the "like count"

The "like count" shows how may teams have "upvoted" this challenge. This is a feature that allows the students to prioritise which challenges are more relevant and should be addressed first.

What question/item analytics do I get?

Tons! Have a look at the tRAT Analytics.

Can I share the responses of every team to the class?


There is two ways to do this.

Can I get students to reflect on their tRAT work?

Yes, all LAMS activities support reflection upon their complition. See the End of Activity section in the Tools' Advanced tab.

How do I assign score/marks weight to the tRAT?

See Grades weights.

Can I export tRAT grades?

Si seΓ±or! This is how you do it:

If I update a question on the tRAT, will it be updated on the iRAT too?


Any change you do to a question in the iRAT or the tRAT will automatically update on the tRAT and iRAT respectively.

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